Munster's Geographia
1545

  GEOGRAPHIA / VNIVERSALIS, VETVS ET NOVA, / COMPLECTENS / CLAVDII PTO- / LEMAEI ALEXANDRINI ENARRATIO- / NIS LIBROS VIII. / Quorum primus noua translatione Pirckheimheri & / accessione commentarioli illustrior quàm hactenus / fuerit, redditus est. / Reliqui cum græco & alijs uetustis exemplaribus col- / lati, in infinitis ferè locis castigatiores facti sunt. / Addita sunt insuper Scholia, quibus exoleta urbium, / montium, fluuiorumq nomina ad nostri seculi mo- / rem exponuntur. / Succedunt tabulæ Ptolemaicæ, opera Sebastiani Mun- / steri nouo paratæ modo. / His adiectæ sunt plurimæ nouæ tabulæ, modernam or- / bis faciem literis & pictura explicantes, inter quas / quedam antehàc Ptolemeo non fuerunt additæ. / Vltimo annexum est compendium geographicæ de- / scriptionis, in quo uarij gentium & regionum ritus / & mores explicantur. / Præfixus est quoq uniuerso operi index memorabiliu[m] / populorum, ciuitatum, fluuiorum, montium, terra- / rum, lacuum &c. / Adiectæ sunt huic posteriori editioni nouæ quædam tabulæ, quæ hactenus apud nul= / lam Ptolemaicam impressuram uisæ sunt. / BASILEAE PER HENRICHVM PE- / TRVM, ANNO M. D. XLV.
1 [1] [text on reverse] ORBIS / VNIVERSALIS / DESCRI= / ptio, in qua præter Ptolemæi alio- / rumq ueterum Cosmographoru[m] / inuestigationem, Africe & item In- / diæ extrema littora ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TYPVS VNIVERSALIS> [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
2 '2' [text on reverse] DESCRIPTIO / Orbis Generalis, ut à Pto / lemeo situs eius secu[n]du[m] / lo[n]gum ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TYPVS ORBIS A PTOL<  DESCRIPTVS> [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
3 '3' [text on reverse] HIBER / NIA ET ALBION, EVROPAE / Tabula I. Continet hæc tabula insulas Britannicas, nem / pe ... [the 5th line ends] ... adiacen= / ... [1542: 'adiacen']
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE I> [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
4 '4' [text on reverse] HISPANIA / SECVNDA EVROPAE TABVLA. / Continet hæc tabula totam Hispaniam in tribus / prouintijs partitam ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE II< [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
5 '5' [text on reverse] GALLIA / TERTIA EVROPAE TABVLA, CONTI= / net Gallias in quatuor prouincijs cum insulis sibi adiace[n] / tibus ... [set in a very elaborate woodcut, with the heading 'INCLYTA BASILEA' [3a]]
[cloverleaf pointing left] TABVLA EVROPAE III < [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
6 '6' [text on reverse] GERMANIAM MAGNAM / continet hæc quarta Europæ tabula, cum / insulis sibi adiacentibus  ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE IIII < [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
7 '7' [text on reverse] RHAETIA ET / VINDELICIA, NORICVM, Etc. / Complectitur hæc quinta Europæ tabula Rhætiam, Vinde- / liciam, Noricum duas Pannonias & totam Illiridem cum in / sulis adiacentibus. ..
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE V > [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
8 '8' [text on reverse] ITALIA ET / CORSICA, sexta Europæ tabula. / Co[n]tinet hec tabulam Italiam & Cyrnum insu- / lam, cum insulis Italiæ adiacentibus. Parallelus ipsius me- / dius, proportionem ... 
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE VI > [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
The title is unchanged; the second heading in the left hand cartouche now reads 'Corsicæ'
9 '9' [text on reverse] SARDINIA / ET SICILIA, SEPTIMA EVROPAE / TABVLA. / Continet hæc tabula Sardiniam & Siciliam in- / sulas. Parallelus... omni parte pe= / lago, ab ortu ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE VII < [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
10 '10' [text on reverse] SARMATI / AM EVROPEAM CONTINET HAEC / octaua tab. et est in eo TAVRICA Chersone= / sus. Parallelus ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE VIII< [cloverleaf pointing left] [1a, ob - 5a, ob]
 
11 '11' [text on reverse] NONA EVRO- / PE TABVLA continet IAZYGES METANASTAS, DA / CIAM, utranq Mysiam, Thraciam & Chersonesum. Paralle- / lus ipsius medius ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE IX > [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
12 '12' [text on reverse] GRAECIA / Decima & ultima Europæ tabula, continet Macedoniam, Epiru / Achaiam, & Peloponnesum, insulasq Cretam & Euboeam cum / reliquis adiacentibus insulis. ... [line 4 reads] ... ad noue[m] Terminatur ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA EVROPAE X > [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
13 '13' [text on reverse] APHRICAE TABVLA PRIMA, / co[n]tinet ambas Mauritanias, Tingitana[m] ET Cæsa= / riensem. Parallelus ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] APHRICAE TABVLA I< [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
14 '14' [text on reverse] SECVNDA / APHRICAE TABVLA, continet Aphricam mino- / rem & insulas que circa ipsam sunt. Parallelus eius / medius ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] APHRICAE TABVLA II< [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
The upper note outside the right border reads: Diarhodus / Parall' [5b, orb]
15 '15' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] AEGYPTVM / MARMARICAM ET CYRENAICAM, CONTINET HAEC / tertia Africæ tabula  ...
[cloverleaf pointing left] TABVLA APHRICAE III< [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
In the bottom panel of text, the 2nd line of text ends: ... Anti / noi ...
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16 '16' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] QVARTA [cloverleaf pointing left] / APHRICAE tabula, continet interiore[m] Libyam & Aethiopia[m] / que sub Aegypto est, & ea[m] que interius est cu[m] insulis sibi adia / centibus. ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] APHRICAE TABVLA IIII> [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
17 '17' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA< / I ASIAE. / COntinet hæc tabula Pontum & Bithynia[m] / & quæ proprie Asia dicitur, ac Lyciam & / Galatia[m], Pamphiliam item, Cappadociam / & Ciliciam. ... [The 'C' of 'Continet' is a woodblock capital]
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE  I < [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
18 '18' [text on reverse] ASIAE II. TABVLA, / continet Sarmatia[m] Asiaticam. Parallelus ipsi= / us medius rationem habet ad medirianum, / quam ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE  II> [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
The right hand cloverleaf in the title doesn't have the stalks crossing over each other.
19 '19' [text on reverse] TERTIA ASIAE / tabula continet Colchidem, Iberiam, Albaniam & Arme- / niam maiorem. Parallelus ipsius ... [4th line ends] ... Termina- / tur ... [1542: 'Termina']
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE III [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
 
20 '20' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] QVARTA [cloverleaf pointing left] / ASIAE tabula continet Cyprum, Syriam, Palestinam, Arabiam / duplicem, Mesopotamiam & Babyloniam. Parallelus ipsius me- / dius rationem ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE IIII> [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob -4a, ob]
The right hand cloverleaf in the title doesn't have the stalks crossing over each other.
21 '21' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA V< /  ASIAE. / COntinet hec tabula Assyriam, Susianam, Mediam, Persi- / dem, Parthiam, & Carmaniam desertam. Parallelus ip- / sius ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE V < [cloverleaf pointing right] 
 
22 '22' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] ARABIAM FE / licem atq Carmaniam continet hæc VI. Asiæ tabula. Paralle / us ipsius medius ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE VI>
 
23 '23' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] SEPTIMA [cloverleaf pointing right] /ASIAE Tabula continet Margianam, Bactrianam, / Sogdianam, Sacas & Scythiam intra lmau[m] montem. An / numeratur ...
[cloverleaf pointing left] TABVLA ASIAE VII> [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
24 '24' [text on reverse] OCTAVA ASIAE TABV- / la continet Scythiam extra lmaum montem / & Sericam. Parallelus ipsius medius ratio- / nem ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE VIII> [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
25 '25' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] NONA A- [cloverleaf pointing left] / SIAE Tabula continet Ariam, Paropanisadas. Drangianam, A- / rachosiam & Gedrosiam. Parallelus eius medius rationem habet / ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE IX< [cloverleaf pointing right]
 
26 '26' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] ASIAE X> / Tabula continet INDIAM intra Gangem flu. cum adia- / centibus sibi insulis. Parallelus eius medius rationem habet / ad ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE X> [cloverleaf pointing left] 
 
27 '27' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] VNDECI-  [cloverleaf pointing right] / MA ASIAE Tabula continet INDIAM extra / Gangem flu. & Sinas. / Parallelus ipsius medius ferè eandem / rationem ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE XI> [cloverleaf pointing left] 
 
28 '28' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] ASIAE / Tabula XII. continet Taprobanam insu- / lam cum cæteris insulis circa ipsam. Paral- / lelus eius ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TABVLA ASIAE XII>
 
29 '29' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] EVROPA PRI / MA NOVA TABVLA. Hec una est ex tribus orbis partibus, co[m]- / plectitur terram eximie fertilem, habe[n]s naturalem temperiem, / coelumq ...
TABVLA NOVA PRIMA EVROPA
 
30 '30' [text on reverse] ANGLICA- / næ insulæ noua descrip- / tio, complectens & HI= / BERNIAE ET SCOTI= / AE propinquiores limi- / tes. Reliqua quæ hic de utraque insula / ob iter dicenda fuera[n]t inuenies / in Appendice geographi- / ca, pagina 163.
[cloverleaf pointing left] ANGLIA II. NOVA TABVLA [cloverleaf pointing right] 
 
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31 '31' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] HISPANIA> / HISPANIA VNDIQVE ALLVITVR MARI, / excepto eo latere quo Galliam contingit, ibi enim altissimis / Pyreneis montibus ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] HISPANIA III. NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing right] 
 
32 '32' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] GALLIA> / GALLIAM DIC DICTAM PVTANT A / Galate rege, filio Herculis, qui condita urbe / Alexia, quam posteris te[m]poribus Iulius Cæ= / sar fregit ... 
[cloverleaf pointing right] GALLIA IIII< NOVA TABVLA [cloverleaf pointing right] 
 
33 '33' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] GERMANIA> / De Germania clarissima natione & dulcissima patria nostra, multa / hic occurrerent scribenda, sed loci angustia cogit nos abbreuiare sermo / nem ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] GERMANIA VI> NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing left] 
 
34 '34' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] VALESIAE [cloverleaf pointing left] / PRIMA TABVLA olim Sedunorum patria, inter grandes al- / pium fauces continetur, ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] VALESIAE CHARTA PRIOR ET VI> NOVA TABVLA> [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
258 x 343; with title: 268 x 343

new map

35 '35' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] VALESIAE / ALTERA tabula, habet quoq ut prior mo[n]tes & ualles atq / q plurimos amnes è cacuminibus montiu[m] in Rhodanum stil / lantes ...
VALESIAE ALTERA ET VII> NOVA TABVLA> [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
259 x 343; with title: 273 x 343

new map

36 '36' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] HELVETIAE / NOVA DESCRIPTIO. Rhetiam & Heluetia[m] tibi offert hæc / tabula, Lector studiose, ut nouissime à clarissimo uiro Aegidio / Tschudo est descripta ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] HELVETIA PRIMA RHENI ET VIII> NOVA TABVLA [1a, ob - 5a, ob]
255 x 346; with title: 267 x 346

new map

37 '37' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] SECVNDA RHENI / TABVLA. / COntinet hæc tabula Marcam Bodensem, Vusasgoia[m], Vestricham, / ditionem principis Palatini, &c. ... [The 'C' of 'COntinet' is a woodblock capital]
[cloverleaf pointing right] BRABANTIA V> RHENI ET IX. NOVA TABVLA. [1a, ob - 5a, ob]
258 x 346; with title: 271 x 346

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38 '38' [text on reverse] TERTIA RHENI / TABVLA> / Co[n]tinet tabula ista Brabantia[m] cuius termine sunt ab oriente Mosa fluuius, ab / occidente ...
[cloverleaf pointing left] BRABANTIA III> RHENI ET X> NOVA TABVLA [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
258 x 346; with title: 270 x 346

new map

39 '39' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] NIGRAE SEV MAR / TIANAE SILVAE TABVLA, QVAE in BRIS- / goiam usque extenditur. / HAbet autem Brisgoia uocabulum à Brisaco metropoli, tamet si / temporibus successu Friburgu[m] superauerit Brisacum in magnificen / tia & diuitijs ... [The 'H' of 'HAbet' is a woodblock capital]
[cloverleaf pointing left] NIGRA SYLVA XI> NOVA TABVLA [cloverleaf pointing right] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
257 x 342; with title: 269 x -

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40 '40' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] LACVS CON- / STANTIENSIS. / LAcum Constantiensem cu[m] circu[m]iacente regione nouis ob id accen- / suimus tabulis, quod ob sui magnitudine[m] mare quodammodo sit, / & littora ...b [The 'L' of 'LAcum' is a woodblock capital]
[cloverleaf pointing right] LACVS CONSTAN. XII< TAB< NOVA [cloverleaf pointing right] 
 
41 '41' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] SVEVIA ET BAVA / RIA. Nulla natio in Germania tam diu retinuit nomen suum ut Sueui, quip / pe qui longe fuerunt ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] SVEVIA ET BAVARIA XIII< NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
42 '42' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] FRANCONIA> / Haec & Francia orientalis appellatur, habetq id nominis à Franco Sicam / brorum ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] FRANCONIA XIIII> NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing right]
 
43 '43' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] SLESIA [cloverleaf pointing left] / prouincia regni Bohemici, habe[n]s ab orie[n]te con / terminam Poloniam ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] SLESIAE DESCRIPTIO XV> NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
254 x 338; with title 268 x 338

new map

44 '44' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] SCLAVO- / NIAE, Istriæ, Carniæ, Croatie, Coruatie at / que Dalmatiæ descriptionem hæc tabula ti= / bi lector exhibet, ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] DESCRIPTIO TOTIVS ILLYRIDIS> XVI> NO> TAB> [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
254 x 345; with title: 268 x 345

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45 '45' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] BOHE- / MIAE DESCRIPTIO, IN / qua notantur urbes regie & oppi- / da & castra Baronu[m] itemq / quæ subscripserunt / Hussitis & / que no[n].
[cloverleaf pointing right] BOHEMIAE NOVA DESCRIPTIO TABVLA XVII< [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
257 x 357; with title: 270 x 357

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46 '46' [text on reverse] DANIA ET SCHON / LANDIA, NORDVEGIA, SVECIA ET / Finlandia. / DANIA habet nomen illud à rege quodam Dano uocato, complecti- / turq Cimbricam Chersonesum ...
SEPTENTRIONALES REGIONES> XVIII> NO> TAB> [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
250 x 341

new map

47 '47' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] ITALIA NOVA> / ESt Italia peninsula, undiq preterqua[m] ubi alpibus iungitur, mari cin / cta, ab oriente Adriatico, ab occidente uero & meridie Tyrrheno. / Sint ... [The 'E' of 'ESt' is a woodblock capital]
[cloverleaf pointing right] ITALIA XIX> NOVA TABVLA< [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
48 '48' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] POLONIAE> / ET VNGARIAE DESCRIPTIO. Vngariæ regis multo / tempore ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] POLONIA ET VNGARIA> XX> NOVA TABVLA [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
49 '49' [text on reverse] TRANSSYL / VANIA QVAE ET SEPTEM CA= / stra uulgo appella[n]t, pars est Vngarici re- / gni, altissimis ...
[cloverleaf pointing right] TRANSSYLVANIA XXI> NOVA TABVLA< [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
258 x 346; with title: 270 x 346

new map

50 '50' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing right] GRAECIAE MO- / DERNAE FACIES CVM SVCCINCTO IN= / dice nominum, que mutationem temporibus successu / acceperunt / [list of place names with modern equivalents].
NOVA GRAECIA XXII> NOVA TABVLA [cloverleaf pointing left] [2a, ob - 4a, ob]
255 x 350; with title 267 x 350

new map

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51 '51' [text on reverse] TERRA SANCTA> / HAec particularis Syriæ prouincia primum Terra Chnaan, deinde / terra Israel & Iudæa dicta fuit, ac propter Philistijm seu Palestino / rum ... [the 'H' of 'HAec' is a woodblock capital]
[cloverleaf pointing left] TERRA SANCTA XXIII> NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
52 '52' [text on reverse] INDIA NOVA> / Nouam Indiam tibi lector in ista tabula exhibemus cum in= / finitis insulis ...
INDIA EXTREMA< XXIIII> NOVA TABVLA> [cloverleaf pointing right]
 
53 '53' [text on reverse] AFRICA NOVA> / AFrica una ex tribus orbis partibus, latissima est regio multorum regno- / rum, populorum, animalium, fluuiorum, montium & desertorum refer- / tissima, ... [The 'A' of 'AFrica' is a woodblock capital]
AFRICA XXV< NOVA TABVLA< [cloverleaf pointing left]
 
54 '54' [text on reverse] [cloverleaf pointing left] NOVARVM INSV / LARVM DESCRIPTIO. Infinitis ferè est numerus nouaru[m] insularu[m], quæ / post annu[m] Christi 1490. usq in hunc diem ab Hispanis sunt inuentæ. Insignio / res sunt ...
[cloverleaf pointing left] NOVAE INSVLAE XXVI< NOVA TABVLA>
 
  [text] . / FINIS. / BASILEAE PER HENRICHVM PETRVM MENSE AVGVSTO, AN.  M.D.XLV.  

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