Collation: Arnold Colom’s Zee-Atlas 1658

Referring to the Zee Atlas, Koeman wrote:

“This chartbook by Arnold Colom … is one of the most important atlases in the well known category of Dutch sea-atlases. It is not the first of the group: Joannes Janssonius’ Atlas Maritimus (1650), which constitutes volume 5 of the Novus Atlas opens the series … Contrary to the rather unhomogenous set of charts by Janssonius, Arnold Colom assembled a coherent group of 15 charts, later increased to 17 plus a world map. … Arnold Colom’s three charts of the oceans are on the same scale (1:14mill.) as Portuguese and Spanish charts of that time.  It marked the first time that such charts were published as atlas sheets …”

(Atlantes Neerlandici, IV, p.115).

The Zee-Atlas is one of the largest format sea-atlases published in Amsterdam of the period, and also one of the scarcest.  This may reflect the dominance that publishers like Johannes Janssonius enjoyed, or perhaps that the format was simply too large for convenient use.

That the atlas, and his other cartographic ventures, were not successful would seem to be confirmed also by the fact that Colom fell heavily in arrears with his rent.  In a notarial act of 1663, Colom gave his landlord, another prominent cartographic publisher Nicolaas Visscher (II), security for the debt, which included the eighteen printing plates for the ‘Zee-Atlas.’  It would appear that Colom died, in 1668, without redeeming the plates, for no later editions by him are known.

Colom’s chart of the Baltic Sea from his Zee Atlas Ofte Water-Wereldt.; raremaps.com

References

Koeman, Ir. C. Atlantes Neerlandici Volume IV Celestial and maritime atlases and pilot books (Amsterdam: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum Ltd, 1970): Colom, Arnold & A.Col. 1 -3 & Doncker, Hendrick, & Don.16 – 29;

With the following additions and amendments:

Many of the charts appear to have had Colom’s street address re-engraved, but not his name, or shop sign.  In these cases the lettering is significantly different, and frequently cramped to fit the available space.

The two British Library examples are described as being Koeman’s second and third edition respectively.  In fact, both are his second edition, without the Pacific map.

The Nordenskiold Collection, in Helsinki University Library contains a French text edition of the Zee-Atlas, not noted by Koeman.

The accompanying table lists six examples, showing variants in the number of charts, and plate numbers.

1: Het Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (described briefly by Koeman), with the ascribed date 1654, with 16 charts, not seen by this writer but presumably lacking the chart ‘Pascaerte van Nieu Nederlandt …’, which is dated 1656.
2: Amsterdam, Maritime Museum
3: BL, Maps C.26.f.24;
4: BL, Maps C.26.f.25;
5: Nordenskiold Collection Catalogue, I, 53;
6: the example being collated, by courtesy of E. Forbes Smiley III.


The first British Library example also contains a dedication to the Board of the Admiralty in Rotterdam, not referred to by Koeman:

Aen de Wel-Edele Mogende Heeren / DE HEEREN / GECOMMITTEERDE / RADEN / Ter / ADMIRALITEYT / Tot / ROTTERDAM.

                   {
Van wegen {
                   { //

GELDERLAND, Joncker Evert van Deelen, Heere tot Laêr, Burger- / meester tot Harderwijck, &c.
De Ridderschap van HOLLANT, Joncker Willem van Matenes, Heere tot / Rasquaert, &c.
DORDRECHT, Mijn Heer M.r Diderich Hoeuft, Heer van Fontaine Peu- / reuse, uyt den Oudt-raadt.
DELFT, Mijn Heer M.r Arent van de Graef, Raad ende Vroedschap.
ROTTERDAM, Mijn Heer Adriaan Hartman, Regeerend Burger- / meester.
GORINCHEM, Mijn Heer Brieuen Manson, Oud Schepen, Raad en- / de Vroedschap.
SCHIEDAM, Mijn Heer Pieter Ionasz. Oud Burgermeester.
BRIEL, Mijn Heer Symon van der Poth, Oud Burgermeester.
ZEELANT, Mijn Heer Nicolaas Kien.
UYTRECHT, Mijn Heer Gijsbert de Wijckersloot, Oud Burgermeester.
VRIESLANT, Joncker Schelto van Ieltinga.
OVER-YSSEL, Joncker Iohan van Steenwijck, tot Bockenhaven.
De Heer M.r Michiel van de Broek, Advocaat Fiskaal.
De Heer M.r Pieter Splinter, Secretaris.
De Heer Adriaen van Berkel, Ontfanger Generaal.


Contents
States123456
Title  LatinDutchDutchDutchFrenchDutch
Leezer LatinDutchDutchDutchFrenchDutch
Text LatinDutchDutchDutchFrenchDutch
Ded: Amsterdam  DutchDutchDutchFrenchDutch
Ded: Rotterdam   Dutch   
World  111[1][1]
Noord Zee  21111
Oost Zee  32222
Scandinavia  44444
Canaal  55555
Hispangien  6[6][6][6][6]
Middel-landtsche  77777
Vlaamsche  88888
Brazil  91212[12][12]
Zuyder Deel   1013131313
West Indies  1114141414
Carybsche Pascaart  12151512[15]
Nieu Nederlandt  1316lost1616
Guinea  149999
Cape tot Ceilon  1510101010
Oost Indien  1611111111
Sondt En Belt  173333
Pacific  n/pn/pn/p[17][17]
Index 16 Maps     

COLOM’S SEA ATLAS

[*r] 
 
 
 
  
ZEE-ATLAS, / Ofte / WATER-WERELDT. / Inhoudende een korte / BESCHRYVINGE / Van alle de bekende / ZEE-KUSTEN / Des AARDTRYCKS. / Nieuwlijcks uyt-ghegheven, door / ARNOLD COLOM. / [Arms of Amsterdam] / t’AMSTERDAM, / [rule] / Op’t Water, by de Nieuwen-brugh, in de / Lichtende Colom.
[letterpress title]
  
[*v] ‘VOOR=REDEN / Aen den / LEEZER. / GUNSTIGE LEEZER. / GEliest dit Werck, noyt voor desen alsoo ghesien, tot uwen / besten … te aenvaerden. / Vaert wel.’  
[*2r]‘ZEE-BESCHRYVINGE / Van de geheele / WERELDT. / DEwijl  de verdeylinghe der Landen in de We- / reldt … des / Sonsonder foute bekomen. / Ende. /  
[*2v] ‘En om de practijck na eysch … sich sel- / ven genoeghsaem konnen bevroeden. / EYNDE.’  
[**r] ‘De Wel-edele en Moogende Heeren, / De Heeren Gecommitteerde Raden / ter Admiraliteyt tot Amsterdam. / De Heer Joan Post, oudt Burghermeester der Stadt DEU- / TECOM. / Jonckheer Willem van Wassenaer, Heere van VEURNE. / De Heer Wilhelm Fabritius, oudt Schepen der Stadt / HAERLEM. / De Heer M.r Hendrick van Willingen, oudt Schepen der Stadt / LEYDEN. / De Heer M.r Andries de Graef, oudt Burghermeester der Stadt / AMSTERDAM. / De Heer Jacob Verboom, oudt Burghermeester der Stadt / GOUDA. / De Heer Pieter Mieusz. Oly, oudt Burghermeester der Stadt / EDAM. /  De Heer M.r Joan vander Merckt, weghens de Provintie van / ZEELANDT. / De Heer Harman van Ewijck, Domheer tot UTRECHT. / De Heer Faye Tjercks Heydema, weghens de Provintie van / VRIESLANDT. / De Heer Willem Greve, out Burgermeester der Stadt ZWOLLE. / De Heer Abel Goenderssz. Leeuwen, Heere tot ULDRUM, / ASINGA, VLIEDORP, en NYKERCK. / Werdt opgedragen dese Zee-Atlas ofte Water-werelt, door / Haer verplichtste en ootmoedighste Dienaer, / ARNOLD COLOM.  
1NOVA DELINEATIO TOTIUS TERRARUM AUCTORE A. COLOM. [1a, ob -5a, ob] WERELT CAARTE / nieuwlijx uyt gegeven / door / ARNOLD COLOM / t’Amsteldam / op t’water unde Lichtende Colom. [4d] Benevole Spectator, / offertur hic Generalis mundi / Tabula, correcta quantum fieri / potuit, atque majori, quam ante / spatio extensa; jmo etiam / partæ nonnullæ majori / forma incisæ. [2d]
551 x 631  PM: 558 x 634
2Pascaarte / Van de / NOORD ZEE. [1b] Door / ARNOLD COLOM / t Amsterdam op het Water / by de Nieuwe-brugh / inde / Lichtende Colom. [4d] I [5e, orb]
546 x 632  PM: 554 x 642
3De Sondt en Belt uyt gegeven / door Arnold Colom op / het Water. [4a] 3 [5e, orb]Inset: ‘COPPENHAVEN.’ [4d]
548 x 623  Inset: 82 x 138  PM: 552 x 628
4OOST ZEE / door / Arnold Colom / op het Water by de Nieuwe brugh / inde / Lichtende Colom. [2b] 2 [5e, orb]Inset: [Eastern Part Of The Gulf Of Finland]
545 x 638  Inset: 138 x 110  PM: 551 x 644
5[Untitled Chart Of Scandinavia] Nieuwe Paskaart / door / ARNOLD COLOM / t Amsterdam op het Water by de Nieuwe brugh / inde / Lichtende Colom. [2d] 4 [5e, ob]Inset: ‘Ian Mayen Eylant’
Extent: ‘Der Neuss’ (southern Norway) to northern ‘NOVA ZEMLA’, with northern Scotland, ‘YSLAND’ and ‘SPITSBERGEN’548 x 643   PM: 556 x 650  Inset (ib): 78 x 152
6[BRITISH ISLES] Pascaarte / vant / CANAAL / door / ARNOLD COLOM / t Amsterdam op Het Water by de / Nieuwe brugh / inde / LICHTENDE COLOM. [4b] 5 [5e, ob]
541 x 633  PM: 550 x 642
7Pascaarte / van / HISPANGIEN / van de / Zuyd zyde van Yrlandt / tot / de Straet. [4b] Door / ARNOLD COLOM / t Amsterdam op het Water / by de Nieuwe brugh / inde / Lichtende Colom. [1b]
539 x 636  PM: 544 x 638
8Middel-landtsche Zee / Nieuwlix uytgegeven / door / ARNOLD COLOM. / op het Water by de Nieuwe brugh / inde Lichtende Colom / tot / Amsterdam. [5d] 7 [5e, ob]
In 2 sections, the upper from Gibraltar to western Greece, the lower from Sicily to the Levant.Top: 260 x 625  Bottom: 266 x 630  B: 536 x 630  PM: 529 x 633
9de / Vlaamsche / en / Canarische / Eylanden / door / Arnold Colom. [4b] tot Amsterdam / op de Texelsche / kay / inde Lichtende / Colom. [4b] 8 [5e, orb]
Extent: Lisbon to ‘R. de Gambia’, with the Azores, Canary and Cape Verde Islands.551 x 642  PM: 559 x 648
10Pascaarte / van / GUINEA / van Capo Verde / tot Capo de bon Esperance / tot Amsterdam / by / Arnold Colom. [4a] 9 [1e, olb]
551 x 642  PM: 559 x 648
11OOST INDIEN / Van Cabo de Bona / Esperanca / tot / Ceilon. [2d] Uyt gegeven door / ARNOLD COLOM / Tot Amsterdam op het water inde Lichtende Colom. [2e] 10 [5e, ob]
537 x 627  PM: 547 x 636
12OSTERDEEL van / OOST INDIEN / door / Arnold Colom / tot Amsterdam inde Lichtende Colom. [4e] 11 [5e, ob]
633 x 549  PM: 640 x 546
13Pascaerte / van Brazil en / Nieu Nederlandt / van Cuorvo en Flores / tot de Barbados / nu eerst uyt gegeven / door / Arnold Colom / tot / Amsterdam // op’t Water by de / Nieuwe brugh / inde / lichtende / Colom. [4d]
Extent: Cape Hinlopen to Newfoundland, the West Indies’ islands from San Domingo to Trinidad, and the South American coast from opposite San Domingo to ‘R. S. Francisco’, with the Azores and Cape Verde Islands;544 x 643  PM: 549 x 647
14Zuyder deel / van / AMERICA / uytgegeven door / Arnold Colom. [4a] 13 [5e, ob] Inset: ‘Vervattinge / van Manta / tot R. Verde.’ IB W: 140 x 182
 

542 x 626  PM: 549 x 632
15De / CARYBSCHE EYLANDEN / van de Barbados tot de / bocht van Mexico tot / Nu eerst Vygtegeven door / Arnold Colom / tot Amsterdam / op het Water by de Nieuwebrugh / in de Lichtende Colom. [2b] 14 [5e, ob]
[note] The Situation of the Barmudas in the Card / The Bermudas is situaded neare upon the course as usnalie / is sailed from of de Caicos, from of Mona en from of An- / guilla en Sombrera flowing out. But those that come / out of the Channel of Bahama (Who are of ten time by / the stream driven to the eastward) if they bee forced to / take the tract of the Bermudas, may looke for it, when / they finde theyne selfe N. en S. With Sonna. [3a] [Dutch version of this text] [5a]549 x 640  PM: 559 x 643
16NIEUWE CARYBSCHE PASCAART. / [rule] / The Carybes Ilands / Newly setforth and amended / by Arnold Colom. / Amsterdam dwelling on the Water in the Lightning Colom. [5b] Pascaarte / Nieuwelyx uytgegeven / door / ARNOLD COLOM / tot / Amsterdam / op het Water byde Nieuwe brugh / inde lichtende Colom. [1b]
Orientated with south at the top.547 x 640  PM: 556 x 647
17Pascaarte / van / NIEU NEDERLANDT / uytgegeven / door / ARNOLD COLOM. / t’Amsterdam / opt Water by de Nieuwe brugh inde Lichtende / Colom. [2b] 16 [5e, ob]
550 x 640  PM: 556 x 648
18MAR DEL ZUR / HISPANIS / MARE PACIFICUM. [4b] Ampl.mo Spectat.mo Gravissimoq Viro D.D. GEORGIO BACKER I.C. Incyltae Amstelodamensium Reipublicae / Senatori, Exscabino, Tribuno Civium, / Societatis Indicae Orientalis praefecto, / Tabulam hanc D.D.D. / Arnold Colom. [2e]
537 x 608
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